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Background information from China lead protester group

On April 8, 2016, Reuters reported " Around 400 Chinese citizens have signed a letter to protest the purchase of Swiss-based seeds and pesticides company Syngenta by state-owned ChemChina, saying the deal would eventually lead to genetically modified crops being sown across swathes of the country".

Unfortunately, the Reuters report failed to mention that Qin Zhong-da, 92 years old, former minister of Ministry of Chemical Industry, was the leading signee to this protest letter, which outlined five requests:

 (1) The ChinaChem Group in 2006 became the exclusive distributor of glyphosate herbicide Roundup and other Monsanto agrochemicals, has unshirkable responsibility to all the harm caused by extending Roundup's Pesticide Registration in China to 2018. We therefore request the Commission to instruct China chemical group to release all the toxicology animal test reports, i.e. the basis for extending the Pesticide Registration of glyphosate herbicide, enabling us to recognize the truth of how Monsanto deceived the Chinese government and Chinese people!

 (2) Syngenta is the culprit causing the flooding of Atrazine (You Qu Jin), Paraquat and Dicamba in China "endangering the safety of the motherland", "damaging citizens’ physical health". We herewith request the Commission to instruct Syngenta to release all the toxicology animal test reports and other safety evaluation documents for the basis of Atrazine (You Qu Jin), Paraquat and Dicamba Pesticide Registration in China, enabling us to recognize the truth of how Syngenta deceived the Chinese government and Chinese people!

 (3) Request the Commission to organize an open, transparent and fair hearing on the case of which ChinaChem intends to acquire - merge Syngenta at U.S. Dollars 43 billion (about RMB300 billion), invite people's congress representatives, committee members of CPPCC (Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference), representatives of the democratic parties and consumers, question the ChinaChem Group Board of Directors and the Commission on the case of ChinaChem's acquisition - merge with Syngenta and criminal evidence how Syngenta deceived the Chinese government and Chinese people!

 (4) We herewith strongly request the officials of the Commission, to resolutely put a stop to the disastrous evil multinational acquisition! If we can't stop this disastrous evil multinational acquisition - merge today, the whole Chinese nation and even global mankind will be disastrously harmed! The Chinese people and global mankind should not be sacrificed for Syngenta!

(5) If the Commission refuses our above four requests, we request a provision of a detailed explanation in response to us.

 A researcher uses a pipette to develop assay to detect specific gene of corn at a lab in Syngenta Biotech Center in Beijing, China, in this February 19, 2016 file photo. Source: Reuters/Kim Kyung-Hoon Around 400 Chinese citizens have signed a letter to protest the purchase of Swiss-based seeds and pesticides company Syngenta by state-owned ChemChina, saying the deal would eventually lead to genetically modified crops being sown across swathes of the country.

Critics of genetically modified organisms argue the technology poses risks to public health and the environment, while advocates say such fears have not been scientifically proven and that high-yielding genetically altered crops would help ensure food security as the world's population grows.

Although relatively few people signed the letter, it marks a rare example of open opposition to state-supported corporate strategy in a nation where the government often clamps down hard on any criticism.

It also underscores fears among some of the public that the government is gearing up to gradually loosen laws that prevent the cultivation of any GM varieties of staple food crops, with Beijing already permitting the import of some GMO crops for use in animal feed.

The $43 billion all-cash deal unveiled in February is the largest foreign acquisition ever by a Chinese firm as China is looking to secure food supplies for its population. Syngenta has a portfolio of top tier chemicals and patent-protected seeds, many of which are genetically modified.

"The acquisition of Syngenta and the promotion of its genetically-modified and agro-chemical agriculture in the country would destroy the country's own agriculture and food security," the protesters said in the letter, seen by Reuters. They argue GMO strains would contaminate Chinese staple crops.

"ChemChina must immediately stop the suicidal acquisition from causing a disaster to the Chinese nation."

Syngenta did not respond to requests for comment. A ChemChina spokesman said he had heard about the letter and that the company was waiting to learn more about it.

Yang Xiaolu, one of the protesters on the list, said the letter was handed over late last month to the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council (SASAC), which overseas companies owned by the central government.

A SASAC spokeswoman said her office had not yet seen the letter, but was looking into the matter.

Yang, a long-time anti-GMO activist, is also among the three plaintiffs who were taking China's Ministry of Agriculture to court in April last year in a bid to make public a toxicology report supporting the approval of Monsanto's popular weed killer.

Reuters was unable to verify other names listed on the anti-GMO letter.

China's commerce ministry spokesman Shen Danyang said in February that the ministry supported the acquisition which would help secure global food supply.

The protest comes amid worries that Beijing is losing control over the supervision of GMO technology.

Last month, agriculture minister Han Changfu admitted that GMO corn was illegally grown in some parts of the country, but found "no large areas of illegal planting" after Greenpeace said a majority of samples taken from corn fields in 5 counties in Liaoning province, tested positive for GMO contamination.

(Reporting by Niu Shuping and David Stanway; Editing by Joseph Radford)

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